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Original Unity Part 4:  Imago Trinitatis

November 11, 2022

In last month’s article, I mentioned how Pope St. John Paul II saw in the unity and distinction of our humanity as male and female a profound truth about what it means to be made in the “image of God.”  Indeed, Genesis 1:27 tells us, “God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.”  John Paul II saw the second half of this verse (“male and female he created them”) as revealing something about the first half (i.e., what it means to be the image of God).  Let’s unpack this connection.

What does it mean to be an image of something?  If you were to take out a smartphone and snap a photo of me, you would see on your display an image that unmistakably resembles me.  However, that picture is more unlike me than like me.  The image on your screen is only a couple of inches tall, 2-dimensional, static, and ultimately made of 1s and 0s stored on a computer chip.  I am a full-sized, 3-dimensional, living human being, composed of flesh and spirit.  Clearly, there is a greater difference than similarity between my image on your phone and the real me.  Nonetheless, there is a true resemblance such that when you see the image, it reminds you of the reality. 

This example is helpful for us when we ponder what it means for man to be the image of God.  There is always a greater difference between man and God than similarity.  Indeed, we speak of God using human language and symbols that can never do justice to the glory of the Divinity. Nonetheless, by prayerfully and thoughtfully reflecting on our humanity and on divine revelation, we can gain insights into who God is and what His plan is for us. 

Traditionally, man was understood to be the image of God through the gifts of rationality and free will.  Pope St. John Paul II affirmed and elaborated this understanding through his reflections on original solitude.  However, he also went beyond this by emphasizing a Trinitarian vision for man as the image of God through the unity and duality of the two sexes which gives rise to our capacity to form a communion of persons.  God is love as St. John the Apostle tells us, and this signifies not only God’s attitude toward us but His inmost nature.  Christ reveals to us that the one eternal God is Trinity, “an inscrutable divine communion of Persons” (TOB 9:3).  For all eternity, the Father in love begets the Son who eternally receives Being from the Father and gives Himself to the Father in response.  Their exchange of love is so perfect and real, that it is another Divine Person — the Holy Spirit.  Each Person is truly distinct from the Others but utterly united in the one Divine Nature.  For all time, they give and receive one another in an eternal exchange of love.  In this way, “God is love and in Himself He lives a mystery of personal loving communion” (John Paul II, Familiaris consortio, 11).

Through our maleness and femaleness, man and woman discover in themselves the capacity to form a communion of persons.  As we have seen, human nature is one, but there are two ways of being human:  male and female.  We can see in this unity-in-distinction a dim reflection of the unity-in-distinction in the Blessed Trinity.  It also enables us to form a communion of persons.  When a man and a woman make a total gift of self such that they become “one flesh” in marriage, they form such a communion.  Their mutual self-giving love may in time become personified in the gift of a child born of their union.  Thus, man and woman form an image or icon of the Blessed Trinity through the communion of the family. 

According to Pope St. John Paul II, this “trinitarian” understanding of the human person as image of God “constitutes perhaps the deepest theological aspect of everything one can say about man” (TOB 9:3).  It shows us that among the rest of visible creation, man and woman have a special call and capacity to reveal through their total self-giving the eternal truth that God is love.  In this way, we fulfill the meaning of our existence as men and women created in the image of God. 

Note:  This article is part of a series of reflections on Pope St. John Paul II’s “Theology of the Body”.

Written by, Dr. Andrew Sodergren, M.T.S., Psy.D.,
Director of Ruah Woods Psychological Services 
(Article originally published in The Catholic Telegraph, February 2022 Issue, the official magazine of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati)



Dr. Andrew Sodergren